Author: Peter Spitz

About the Author

Peter Spitz

Name: Peter Spitz

Bio: Peter Spitz has spent his entire career in the chemical and energy industries. Graduated from MIT with a B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Chemical Engineering, he has worked for a large oil company, for a research and engineering company in petrochemicals and as a consultant to the global chemical industry. Peter has a broad background in areas ranging from R&D and process development to corporate strategy and financial analysis. He was the founder and president of a respected international consulting firm, Chem Systems Inc., which was acquired by IBM in 1998. Peter is the author of two books, “Petrochemicals. The Rise of an Industry”, and “The Chemical Industry at the Millennium”. He has written numerous articles on industry trends and has spoken at industry functions. He is one of the founders of the Chemical Heritage Foundation in Philadelphia. Peter will be a regular guest author on ChEnected. You can also visit his personal blog - - clicking on the home button below.

September 7th, 2012


By Peter Spitz

BUY PLAVIX NO PRESCRIPTION, This year's serious drought gives rise to new questions about the practicality of ethanol from corn. At the same time, PLAVIX description, PLAVIX forum, the U.S. is experiencing a natural gas boom that has brought with it low prices that are predicted to last long term, PLAVIX brand name. PLAVIX no prescription, Given these concurrent situations, how about ethanol from natural gas instead, PLAVIX reviews. Comprar en línea PLAVIX, comprar PLAVIX baratos, It seems like an ideal time for the government to change current legislation regarding feedstocks for the production of ethanol that is blended into motor fuel.

Corn as an ethanol feedstock

Readers will recall that the government passed the Renewable Fuels Act that led to the construction of a large number of so-called Gasohol plants that produce ethanol from corn and up to last year received a subsidy to make this production economically feasible, BUY PLAVIX NO PRESCRIPTION. The background was an EPA finding that blending ethanol or other alcohols into gasoline produced a cleaner-burning fuel that reduced the production of smog caused by the emission of unburned or partially burned gasoline, PLAVIX mg. Online buy PLAVIX without a prescription, The use of corn became a boon to farmers who now had another outlet for their crop and the ethanol mandate led to the construction of a whole new industry to turn corn into a motor fuel. The downside was and is that corn is a food product so that using it to make a fuel, with government subsidies, PLAVIX without a prescription, Rx free PLAVIX, is arguably a negative for the global food supply and has the effect of raising the price of corn.  For this reason, PLAVIX no rx, PLAVIX samples, the government has encouraged – in fact mandated – that refiners use increasing amounts of ethanol and other fuel products made from cellulosic materials (switchgrass, corn stalks, australia, uk, us, usa, About PLAVIX, wood chips, etc.) for gasoline blending, my PLAVIX experience. PLAVIX blogs, However, no such material is commercially available as yet since the technology is still under development and its future uncertain.  Meanwhile, where can i buy cheapest PLAVIX online, PLAVIX price, the amount of produced ethanol (all from corn) will increase every year through 2015.

The leap from corn to natural gas

BUY PLAVIX NO PRESCRIPTION, There is an obvious step to take. We should amend the current legislation to allow the production of ethanol from natural gas. A technology for this was actually used in the 1960s by US Industrial Chemicals Corporation and by Shell and is still in use in Saudi Arabia today. A new, purchase PLAVIX for sale, Where to buy PLAVIX, quite different technology has recently been developed by Celanese Corporation and will be installed in a very large ethanol plant in China.

[caption id="attachment_50882" align="alignleft" width="331" caption="Source: Celanese"][/caption]

The illustrated comparison of this technology with corn-based ethanol on a Middle East basis is difficult to  analyze since no feedstock prices are provided, buy PLAVIX online cod, After PLAVIX, but U.S. petrochemical feedstock prices are now in close parity with the Middle East. It is clear that ethanol can today be produced in the U.S, no prescription PLAVIX online. PLAVIX from mexico, from natural gas at a lower cost than from corn. But this will not happen unless the government allows at least some production of fuel ethanol from gas, which is not a “renewable” fuel and therefore not currently eligible as an ethanol feedstock., BUY PLAVIX NO PRESCRIPTION. Building a few ethanol-from-natural gas plants will still keep most of the corn-based industry in operation, PLAVIX treatment, given the huge amount of corn-based ethanol now being produced. But there would be a beneficial effect on corn prices as less of this material is used to make a fuel. A subsidy should remain in place for cellulosic ethanol, since it is in our interest to use waste organic materials to make a needed product.

Balancing objectives for optimal outcome

If the government allows some gas-based ethanol to be produced, there will be a hue and cry from the corn-based ethanol producers (and their congressmen) who will feel their industry threatened. So, the government must balance the objectives.  What the government might do is to allow a certain amount of gas-based ethanol to be produced by selling licenses to do so. BUY PLAVIX NO PRESCRIPTION, The government must then balance the market-based incentive for petrochemical producers to make ethanol from gas against the effect of its policy on corn price,  on the corn-based ethanol producers who established an entire industry as a result of government actions, and on the price of fuel ethanol. This can be made to work, in my opinion.

Peter Spitz

Peter Spitz is a recent addition to the ChEnected blogging team. He has spent his entire career in the chemical and energy industries, working for a large oil company, for a research and engineering company in petrochemicals, and as a consultant to the global chemical industry. He was also the founder and president of a respected international consulting firm, Chem Systems Inc., which was acquired by IBM in 1998.To learn more about him, read his complete bio. You can also visit his personal blog at

What's your opinion on corn and natural gas as ethanol feedstocks?

Images: corn, jster91

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December 22nd, 2011

Virtual Tour of Chemical Engineering Facilities

By Peter Spitz
Oil Refinery in China

There are plenty of factors to consider when looking at a career in chemical engineering, including job opportunities and salaries, but perhaps the most important is: what will the job really be like? The best way to get a grasp on the daily life of a chemical engineer is to […]

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November 18th, 2011

First U.S. Plant to Make Gasoline and Diesel Fuel from Natural Gas

By Peter Spitz

There is an interesting question regarding the contribution that so-called “synthetic fuels” (i.e., those made from raw materials other than crude oil) could make to our motor fuels supply. Technology for several of these fuels has been commercialized, with substantial contributions from chemical engineers.

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